Uzbekistan celebrates 25th Anniversary of Independence
Uzbekistan celebrates 25th Anniversary of its Independence on 1st of September. During all these years, Uzbekistan has achieved impressive success in all areas of the country development, economy, improving people’s welfare and infrastructure.
Today Uzbekistan is known as a rapidly and comprehensively developing and stable country, which is located in the strategic position of Central Asia and a the responsible member of the international community. The country enjoys peace, serenity, social harmony, inter-ethnic harmony and people of Uzbekistan are confident in its future.
Under the leadership of the President Islam Karimov, the Founding Father of the Nation, during the years of Independence, Uzbekistan has been able to reach a number of strategic objectives. Among them, is the acquisition of grain, food and energy self-sufficiency, the quantitative and qualitative growth, and improvement of transport and urban infrastructure. National Airways Company today consists only of modern liners from the leading manufacturers such as, Boeing and Airbus.
Uzbekistan is the only country in CIS, where the bullet-trains run. Every day, on routes Tashkent – Samarkand and Tashkent – Bukhara, these trains deliver thousands of passengers. On the eve of the 25th anniversary of the Independence of the Uzbekistan, 19 km long Kamchik railway tunnel was opened, which connects part of Uzbekistan with the Ferghana Valley. The valley is considered as the pearl of whole Central Asia and one of the most fertile and most beautiful places on the planet.
Uzbekistan is visited by over 2 million foreign tourists annually. Its attractions are most popular among citizens of Germany, France, Italy, Republic of Korea, Japan, China, Malaysia, Russia, and India. Experts anticipate that in the near future the number of guests will increase even more, and their geography will expand.
Uzbekistan is home to historical centers of Bukhara, Khiva, Samarkand and Shakhrisabz as part of the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List. World-renowned historical monuments, modern cities, the unique nature of Uzbekistan, national cuisine, as well as the kindness and hospitality of the Uzbek people attract the travelers.
Uzbekistan has been developing new types of tourism. For example, a medical tourism department has been recently launched in the structure of the Ministry of Health. The outbound tourism that involves the treatment of Uzbek people in other countries is promoted concurrently with the inbound tourism, when foreigners are treated in Uzbek clinics. The flow of tourists pursuing medical purposes to Uzbekistan from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and other countries has significantly increased. The dental tours, which are usually combined with entertaining and introductory events, are the most striking manifestation of inbound tourism. More than a thousand of dental clinics in Uzbekistan provide prompt and quality service for patients. This service is second only to the therapeutic one in the number of applications.
Construction and repair works are underway under the Tourism Development Program for 2016 – 2019, which provides for the reconstruction and repair of access roads to historical monuments and tourist areas. The road to the architectural ensemble of Bahauddin Naqshbandi in Bukhara was restored. Specialists have embarked on the repair of access roads to the historical monuments in Khiva with a total length of 13 km. The restoration of roads adjacent to the Al-Termezi mausoleum in Surkhandarya region is nearing its completion.
Despite significant progress, experts still point out to the need for further development of tourism infrastructure. Tourist routes of most foreign guests include four places: Tashkent as the gateway to the country and the links with more than 40 countries, Samarkand, Bukhara and Khorezm. At the same time, it was noticed that during the trip the foreigners spend the bulk of their time in Bukhara because of the high concentration of landmarks and tourist facilities. Meanwhile, tourists stay in Khiva no longer than a day, though it is as rich in monuments as Bukhara.
To remedy the situation, the Khiva authorities are currently building modern hotels actively. Some of them are located on the territory of the museum under the open sky of Ichan-Kala, the others are situated beyond it. Tourists need a choice for an interesting pastime. The need has entailed the development of gastronomic tourism: local restaurants serve the native Khorezm cuisine, offering guests active forms of tourism. There are now tourist centers around the water reserve not far from the Ichan-Kala, where travelers are offered boating, hunting, fishing, and a walk in the apple orchard, which grows on the rocks. The guests are even offered some of the agricultural tourism.
Infrastructure has been evolving in Karakalpakstan too, which will soon be as popular as Bukhara, Samarkand, Khiva. The Beruni and Ellikkala districts with their archaeological sites are of great interest for those who what to explore the ancient civilization. However, due to poor infrastructure, these places were virtually unexplored.
Today, the situation is changing: the Beruni district is currently under a large-scale reconstruction. The tourist pilgrimage sites are being landscaped. Yurt tourist camps have been established near monuments in the neighboring Ellikkala district. Access roads are currently being repaired there.
Uzbekistan is an important destination for Malaysians in the field of tourism and it seeks to expand cooperation in this field. Every year more and more tourists from Uzbekistan are visiting Malaysia. About 11 thousand Uzbeks visit Malaysia each year because National Airways Company Uzbekiston Xavo Yullari carry out 2 flight a week, which provides a good opportunity for many Uzbeks to visit Malaysia. The presence of these flights is a platform for the promotion of tourism services in Uzbekistan and to increase the number of tourists from Malaysia to Uzbekistan. Many Malaysians can visit the historic sites that are the heritage of Islamic culture, as well as to carry out a small “Umrah”.